A Contemporary Framework for Teaching
April 5, 2010
When approaching the challenge of integrating new technological devices into classroom instruction, consideration has to be given to the content that is being taught, the instructional method or pedagogy that will be utilized and the affordances and considerations of the new device. Teaching requires complex skills to integrate multiple types of knowledge within a short amount of time and “…in an ill-structured, dynamic environment” (Mishra & Koehler, 2006). Therefore, frameworks assist educators in the integration of multiple bodies of knowledge.
A framework is a skeletal structure that acts as the foundation to support something. A conceptual framework goes a step beyond the foundation and provides a “…new way of looking at and perceiving phenomena and offers information on which to base sound, pragmatic decision making” (Mishra & Koehler, 2006).
The Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPCK) framework has been developed by Mishra & Koehler (2006), and embodies multiple knowledge structures necessary to successfully integrate new technological devices with content and pedagogy. As educational technology began to emerge in classrooms, technology knowledge became a third domain of teacher knowledge. Technology knowledge includes the teachers’ understanding of customary technologies as well as advanced technologies such as the Internet, Smart Board, Web Quests and digital video (Mishra & Koehler, 2006). Initially, this domain was treated separately from the Pedagogical Content Knowledge framework and technology knowledge was thought to have nothing to do with content or pedagogy.
To effectively implement technological devices into the classroom, all three of these bodies of knowledge (content, pedagogy and technology) must be considered together and integrated when planning instruction.
EXAMPLES OF TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION
- Psyc 200, Fall ‘09: http://blog.richmond.edu/psyc200
- Geog 250, Spring ‘10: http://blog.richmond.edu/geog250/
- Biochem 326, Fall ‘09 http://blog.richmond.edu/biochem326f09/
- Middle East Geography, Spring ‘10: http://blog.richmond.edu/geog279
- Open Wide, Look Inside: http://blog.richmond.edu/openwidelookinside
- Mary Finley-Brook, teaching and research: http://geoyapti.wordpress.com
There’s a preview of Matt & Punya’s book about faculty development online here: http://books.google.com/books?id=oH95kmqc8tIC&printsec=frontcover
You can visit the TPACK website here: http://www.tpck.org